Both three- and five-factor solutions were taken out for comparative purposes. For practical use, a model based on second-, typological mood-state dimensions would be useful. (1966). Multivariate analyses of covariance (MANCOVAs) revealed significant effects for exercise on negative mood states and physical symptoms, and significant effects on all measures across menstrual cycle phase. Barrett, P.T. Results suggest at least five higher-order mood states (Extraversion, Neuroticism, Arousal-Fatigue, Hostility, Depression). 1. Kline, P. (1979). xtraversion, Neuroticism, Hostility and Arousal-, n demonstrated in a number of studies (e.g., Boyle, 1984; Boyle & Ca, with those in the 8SQ instrument. Yeomans, K.A. Izard's Differential Emotions Scale (DES) was administered to 204 University of Delaware undergraduates under each of four imaginal mood-induction conditions (labelled: General Depression, Curiosity, Specific Depression and Anxiety) and an actual pre-exam condition. The DES-IV (a 49-item version of the Differential Emotions Scale) was administered to 212 undergraduate college students on two separate measurement occasions. (1979). By fact, cha11ge dimensions (states). variables. A total of 213 community-dwelling participants completed a questionnaire including the French version of the DES-IV and measures of depression, anxiety, life satisfaction, resilience, and the five factors of personality. Use of two, suggested one additional significant factor as compared with the K-G criterion, which is, known to underestimate the appropriate number of factors when the number of variables is. Next, it offers the seeds of the broaden-and-build theory, including work on the undo effect of positive emotions. A unique oblique solution can be, attained using the ±.10 hyperplane count as an estimate of the degree of approximation of. ............................................... complex model of states. The Differentiation of Self - Short Form was shown in Study 2 to be more efficient than the Differentiation of Self – Revised. (1984). Scores for each emotion could range from 3 to 15, with higher scores Shame and Guilt and Hostility Inward subscales of the Differential Emotions Scale-IV (DES-IV) Izard, C. E., Libero, D. Z., Putnam, P., & Haynes, O. M. (1993). As it appears that each instrument taps somewhat different sectors of the mood-state sphere, elucidation of a smaller number of typological factors across both instruments seems desirable to provide the basis for an instrument which better taps the total mood-state sphere than does either one of these alone. Adherence to discrete state or trait concepts provides an oversimplified approach to the measurement of affect dimensions. 43-44; cf. Each emotion is assessed with three items (using a 1-5 Likert scale). with a description of ten representative positive emotions, alongside approaches for assessing them, both directly with the modified Differential Emotions Scale and indirectly through physiological and implicit measures. As the SSQ and DES-IV instruments comprise, together no fewer than 20 essentially discrete subscales (apart from the obvious, overlap of the Guilt subscales), it is evident that there are too many primary mood-. (1974). Journal of Personality and So- … & Comrey, A.L. 2. Hence, MDS was found to be a viable procedure for investigating such interbattery relationships. HIGHER-ORDER FACTORS IN THE DIFFERENTIAL EMOTIONS SCALE (DES-III) GREGORY J. BOYLE* University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19711, U.S.A (Received I7 June 1985) Summary-The 30-item version of Izard’s Differential Emotions Scale (DES-III) was submitted to an (1985). Evidence of typological mood states from change-score (dR)-factoring of the Clinical Analysis Questi... Typological mood-state factors measured in the Eight State Questionnaire. Virtually all students, -born, although a minority (less than 30%) had parents who were first, the students' usual lecturers. Infants gain possession of a limited set of discrete emotions in the first months of life, and these emotions are organized as a modular system with a high degree of independent functioning. ÿ’Š©l]×|­,ÍÚx¨]ú[š½Œ—ݏšµŸ—/@à|Ô½¯¿Y8N½ç €iÝ,àû‡Øö­ ÓXN_šãµ¯/ btCöm,ox°(ހIý Å¡iñ Åq§–¸AVkâ´pCe;ÑÖ6Œ/yÁø҇¬Ú6ŒÃ¢ô'‡¦ÇâŒ4åA8Õäéknk;`œõƧ¼aü%¿ã°«¹0Ž—eØ1ÈÅ­¦qÃø!gҋœ0>5Æ!‡t¬†—W -ñr3-xҀhãËÈÃMv|°,yr¯¥Ü«¤¢nîƒQÚɽ ©Y6÷j «åø’€S)>‘¯òr ¹f=ÉWgÐr’¯Ö µ¢Õþ _ô£à¨1§Á½–¼¸×ÒîÕÆÄMf…'¤mùm;1OÐÍXîÕmsÔ7ڀ.Ïÿs…Œzuðêê<2xÿPcÃRÁþh† One of the big-gest problems of scientists worldwide is the need for psychometric tools in order to measure positive emo tions. and the Differential Emotions Scale (DES-IV). The present study attempted to replicate Boyle's (1986a; Psychological Reports, 59, 503–510) factor analytic findings on two self-report multidimensional mood-state measures, namely the Eight State Questionnaire (8SQ), and the Differential Emotions Scale (DES-IV), to demonstrate the utility of MDS to uncover the underlying structure of each instrument, and to investigate further the correspondence across the two scales. The DES-IV is an instrument evaluating the phenomenological experience of 12 trait-emotions. Proof of situational sensitivity of mood states, Boyle, G.J., Stanley, G.V. Sadness, Hostility, Fear, Shame, Shyness and Guilt had significant, loadings on this factor, as did the 8SQ subscale. The present study, therefore, examines Cattellian intermodality superfactors across the normal personality trait, mood state and motivational dynamic domains in the hope of elucidating superfactors additional to those already documented by Eysenck. The Differential Emotions Scale or DES-IV, ... Boyle [4] has provided evidence supporting the reliability and validity of the DES-IV. (1987). Clearly though, major mood-state dimensions pertaining to, Given the present findings, the higher-order Depression factor in Boyle's, (although Eysenck focused on personality traits rather than on transient mood, Neuroticism and Extraversion states. Furthermore, separate higher-order factorings of the POMS on normative samples of 350 male and 650 female psychiatric outpatients were conducted, corroborating three of the four central state dimensions, at least in the case of females. Here, we aimed to assess dream emotions and their relationships with wake emotions through the modified Differential Emotions Scale (Fredrickson, 2003), which includes a broad array of both positive and negative emotions. Within the neuromuscular aspect, it is the facial activity and patterning and body response. It is inadvisable to merely assume orthogonality and to proceed with, for, example, Varimax rotation, when no test of this has been undertaken through an initial, oblique rotation (Loo, 1979). Most of the DES-IV subscales were found to lie in close proximity, suggesting inadequate separation. (1976). The Scree test for the number of factors. However, the question of possible mood states in the psychopathological domain remains unresolved. Thus, the third factor in, divided between Factors 2 and 4 in the earlier study. These higher-order factors include the mood states relating to Extraversion, Neuroticism, Hostility and Arousal-Fatigue. The Emotional Control subscale retained 98% of the internal consistency of the full version subscale with 25% of the items; Emotional & Cattell, R.B. 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