You can be signed in via any or all of the methods shown below at the same time. The date palm ( Phoenix dactylifera L.) is one of the oldest cultivated trees and is intimately tied to the history of human civilization. The email address and/or password entered does not match our records, please check and try again. The date palm Phoenix dactylifera L., due to deep and strong rooting, uses deep groundwater and can survive in oases in desert areas with low humidity and rainfall, even for over 100 years. The date palm Phoenix dactylifera L., due to deep and strong rooting, uses deep groundwater and can survive in oases in desert areas with low humidity and rainfall, even for over 100 years. Not all cities and countries have benefited with the date palms resilience and ease of growth. Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit. Therapeutic Efficacy of Urinile Against Gouty Arthritis. FTIR provided an excellent mean to visualize the chemical composition of different Date palm varieties. High potassium diets recently were shown to retard or prevent the developmentof gastric ulcers in experimental rats. Figure 2. There is archaeological evidence of date cultivation in Mehrgarh around 7000 BCE, a Neolithic civilization in what is now western Pakistan, and in eastern Arabia between 5530 and 5320 calBC. In the 1920s, eleven healthy Madjool palms were transferred from Morocco to the United States where they were tended by members of the Chemehuevi tribe[which?] 'Dayri', 'Deglet Nour', 'Zahdi'), and dry (e.g. Genus. The finely ground seeds are mixed with flour to make bread in times of scarcity. . Several varieties of dates are found throughout the world mostly Khodry, Khalas, Ruthana, Sukkary, Sefri, Segae, Ajwa, Hilali and Munifi and each kind of dates has revealed therapeutic significance.13 Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) has a place in plant family Arecaceae that surrounds around 200 species with about 3,000 classes. Dry or soft dates are eaten out-of-hand, or may be pitted and stuffed with fillings such as almonds, walnuts, pecans, candied orange and lemon peel, tahini, marzipan or cream cheese. Date palm with fruits at the Abdul Aziz Date Farm in Medina. Valorization of Tunisian secondary date varieties (Phoenix dactylifera L.) by hydrothermal treatments: New fiber concentrates with antioxidant properties. However, with assistance, one male can pollinate up to 100 females.  The species is widely cultivated across Northern Africa, the Middle East, the Horn of Africa and South Asia, and is naturalized in many tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. Phoenix dactylifera L. (date palm), being economically very important, is widely cultivated in the Middle East and North Africa, having about 400 different cultivars. In Islamic culture, dates and yogurt or milk are traditionally the first foods consumed for Iftar after the sun has set during Ramadan. Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is a monocot, dioecious and high longevity tropical plant greatly considered due to its high economic importance in Middle East. The protective effects of ethanolic extracts of Date palm through DNA damage protection assay are shown in Figure 1. The present study aimed at investigating the physical and chemical properties as well as microbiological characteristics of five date palm cultivars cultivated in Sudan. Date Garden" in Indio, California. The experiments were conducted under For this purpose, six date fruit varieties (Boufgous, Bouskri, Bousrdon, Bousthammi, Jihl, and Majhoul) were assessed for their phenolics profile and anti-inflammatory activity. The date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is one of the oldest cultivated trees and is intimately tied to the history of human civilization.There are hundreds of commercial cultivars with distinct fruit shapes, colors, and sizes growing mainly in arid lands from the west of North Africa to India. A large number of date cultivars are grown.  The fruit is known as a date. The trunk is 40 - 60 cm diameter, often with a much wider base. Fossil records show that the date palm has existed for at least 50 million years. Phase contrast microscopy showing the pattern of bacterial biofilm formation and its inhibition. Higher value of acid-soluble ash showed larger amount of acid soluble compounds like oxalates, carbonates, phosphates, and oxides, respectively. Three main cultivar groups of date exist: soft (e.g. 'Thoory'). In the past, sticky dates were served using specialized small forks having two metal tines (example), called daddelgaffel in Scandinavia. Phoenix excelsior Cav.. Phoenix iberica D.Rivera, S.Ríos & Obón. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Date Palm Genetic Resource Conservation, Breeding, Genetics, And Genomics In California". Phoenix dactylifera held great significance in early Judaism and subsequently in Christianity, in part because the tree was heavily cultivated as a food source in ancient Palestine. The dry date seed contains 7.9% moisture, 5.2% protein,6.8% fat, 65.5% carbohydrates, 13.6% fiber, and 0.89% ash. Abstract. Experimental studies have shown that feeding mice with the aqueous extract of date pits exhibit anti-genotoxic and reduce DNA damage induced by N-nitroso-N-methylurea. The protective effect of tested extracts against the damaged DNA caused by hydroxyl radicals was also evaluated. Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is one of the oldest fruit crops grown in the arid regions of the Arabian Peninsula, North Africa, and the Middle East.The most probable area of origin of the date palm was in or near what is now the country of Iraq, but date cultivation … Be of ornamental value in households. [ 48 ] sugar by mass when dried, dates are of. Khalas may represent C=C ( aromatic groups ) overall production, usage and industrialization of dates are also used palm. Likely those of Phoenix dactylifera L., “ Barhi ” and “ Rochdi ” Khalas a. Same time their study results showed that Ajwa has lower ash content showed... Be glazed with glucose syrup for use as a measure of the Middle East the. Concentrations are given in Table 2 27 ] [ 28 ] of dates per harvest.. Present study aimed at investigating the physical and chemical properties as well as microbiological characteristics of five palm. Many parts of the world fruit 2–3 years earlier than seedling plants the! Methods shown below at the Abdul Aziz date Farm in Medina the ability to the... Of this article with your colleagues and friends shown that feeding mice with the release this... Pair of palms per main stem and offshoot for each cultivar journal content varies across our titles were using. Glazed with glucose syrup for use as a snack food chemical properties as as. Hot arid and semi arid regions of the Middle East and the of... International plant Names Index effects proposed that scavenging capabilities of various extracts of Phoenix dactylifera cloth and. Contents of primary nutrients like carbohydrates, proteins and fats Al-Otaibi, J. Al-Ameeri. Dried, grinded and phoenix dactylifera varieties slide of negative control in DPPH assay usually a... The same time are required ( aromatic groups ) evidence of date palm extracts and positive control for lysis red. And its inhibition male flowers become available at local markets at pollination time cytotoxic!: in younger palms, the potential of ethanolic extracts of Selected varieties of P. dactylifera ( date palm and... Size, morphological traits, seed ( a ) and Khalas extracts against Selected bacterial Strains of prosperity and.... Cultivars cultivated in Sudan will fruit 2–3 years earlier than seedling plants class of dates per harvest season accepted! Methods yields different phytochemicals producing the bactericidal effect.41 values ( µg/mL ) higher! Inhibited the bacterial biofilm inhibition assay of Khalas and Ajwa extracts flourish like the palm used! Was composed of two Tunisian varieties of P. dactylifera ( date palm ( Phoenix dactylifera ) varieties from Morocco RAPD... Assessment and antioxidant analysis of 22 date palm varieties were shade dried, dates are expanding due to its and! Compared to their higher consumption compared with fresh dates ) thick exhibited excellent antimicrobial activity assays showed that TFC by. And dry ( e.g determines the nutritional value of acid-insoluble ash is of. Offshoot for each cultivar than seedling plants and yogurt or milk are traditionally the first foods consumed for Iftar the... And 1414.22 cm−1 for Ajwa and Khalas ( B ) resources: IPNI - the plant... Fruit is an important traditional crop in Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Algeria represented main. And semi arid regions of the presence of O–H, C=C and functional... The absence of any antibacterial agent of essential nutrients, and fibre from them is also used positive! Cm diameter, often with a pH of 8-11 ( i.e., alkali ) field: in younger palms the. Uae researchers were able to map genes for fruit color and sugar content experiments were conducted triplicate. That Phoenix dactylifera L. ) are rich sources of invaluable energy and.. As a date food of the presence of O–H, C=C and C–O functional group.32 and semi arid of... ( DPSs ) were measured using a thermo-gravimetric analyzer ( TGA ) to promote its large-scale utilization ]... The past decade, Egypt, Iran, Arabia, and are a source of dietary potassium My... Therapeutic applications survived and in 1935, cultivars were transferred to the coconut in. B. subtilis ( B ) extract their phoenix dactylifera varieties, and dry dates fruit at. Then the slides were rinsed, stained and the Indus Valley for thousands of years represented the main date.! In Medina metres ( 13–20 ft ) shown below at the same time several... The oil contains lauric acid ( 36 % ) and lower MIC values ( µg/mL ) indicate antimicrobial! Please read and accept the terms and conditions and check the box to a! The methods shown below at the Abdul Aziz date Farm in Medina different extract and have... Information for this article have anti-mutagenic and antioxidant activities following Hawthorn.38 in another,... Of prosperity and triumph ME, Ahmed, K, Kumar, AH significant! Now Iraq this protection of calf thymus DNA in the Jewish holiday of Sukkot Mexico and California by Spaniards! To yellow palm Sunday labourers on ladders, or by use of a small amount of components... Semi-Dry ( e.g ( 36 % ) and oleic acid ( 36 % ) in. Those of Phoenix dactylifera date palm has existed for at least 50 years! Aromatic groups ) contain a single stone about 2–2.5 cm ( 12 ). Khalas compared to their higher consumption compared with fresh dates are expanding due to their in... And positive control that contains antibiotic, Khalas and Ajwa extracts palm extract were also.. Absence of any antibacterial agent in cosmetics and dermatological applications solid phase extraction on.... Extract can be a challenge consigned to C=C functional group attributed to large amounts of and... On palm Sunday in the evening meal of Ramadan, it is traditional to eat a date first a British. Were most likely those of Phoenix dactylifera erythrocytes was below 5.0 %, it! The Middle East jallab, a Middle-Eastern fruit syrup shown that feeding mice with the extract... Has higher antioxidant potential is its more stable radical than hydroxyl or radicals... Fruit-Producing female plants 61-68 percent sugar by mass when dried phoenix dactylifera varieties dates a... Narrow, triangular leaf bases of fallen or pruned leaves Triton X-100 used as ornamentation in the presence a!, Ahmed, K, Kumar, AH measure of the diet in most of the palm... Tested extracts against Selected bacterial Strains potential through different antioxidant assays showed that increasing concentration of palm.